We all want to save up money and not be broke. But, makeovers and random hairstyles are something not meant to be left aside. In this situation, the best way to stop wasting unnecessary money and also keep up with trends is by doing it all by yourself. Hair bleaching is a very common and important part of a make-over. Bleaching is essentially lightening your hair shade. There are about 10 shades of hair starting from jet black and ending with light blonde.
You can bleach and reach any lighter stage from your actual shade by professional or DIY bleaching procedure. Bleaching can require some guidelines initially but once you are habituated and acquainted with the process, it is extremely easy and convenient, not to mention good for your pocket. Here is a list of ingredients you need to do hair bleaching at home, along with a step by step descriptive procedure, aftercare required after bleaching, and preventive measures to be followed.
Ingredients for DIY Bleaching:
DIY bleaching at home can be a tough job. And there will be a lot of ingredients and materials that will be required to complete the task. The ingredients tools and materials that are required and used in the parlour is overwhelming but can be easily replaced by household materials. Although it is important that you take proper precautions, measures, and use the right ingredients after research so that there is no scope for any kind of a mess. The proper ingredients and tools also mean you will be boosting your confidence about DIY bleaching and that nothing can go wrong. This will ultimately affect your performance and you will be able to easily get parlour like bleach done at home, all by yourself.
- Old clothes/towels
- Tinting brush
- Mixing bowl
- Plastic/Latex gloves
- Dye brush
- Plastic/Glass mixing bowl
- Clips to section hair
- Shower cap/ Plastic bag
- Powder or cream bleach
- Balancing shampoo
- Bond builder
- Protein balancing conditioner
- Developer/peroxide (make sure you choose the correct volume)
- Toner (optional)
Procedure for Bleaching at Home:
- Clothes and Gloves: It is very important to put on some old shabby clothes which won’t matter if they are damaged. This is because the chemicals or bleaching solution will inevitably fall over your shoulders on whatever you are wearing and it is bound to become messy. Also, one time use plastic or rubber gloves are a must during bleaching your hair. It is important because the chemicals are not exactly something you will like getting in contact to your skin.
- Hair Sectioning: Hair sectioning should be done using Clips so that the bleach is done perfectly all over the length and depth of your hairline. This is crucial because once you start applying it is difficult to segregate hair sections and thus may result in a haphazard situation.
- Mixing Bowl: Once you and your hair is ready, it is time to mix the bleaching powder with the developer. This is an important task because the ratio of the both should be strictly maintained. Also, the mixing should be done properly and there should be no lumps or anything present. This mixture needs to be consistent, and it is recommended that you use 2 parts of developer for one part of bleach.
- Bleach Higher Sections or in Patterns: Many do not opt for full hair bleaching but rather focus on dips, or strands or any pattern you like. Thus, start applying accordingly in order to get the bleach you have been dreaming about.
- Wash Your Hair with Balancing Shampoo: After waiting for the time mentioned in the user manual, it is time for you to wash off the bleach solution from your hair and apply a conditioning balancing shampoo. The shampoo is essential because firstly, the bleach had chemicals which should not be kept in hair for long and secondly, the bleach has roughened and deconditioned your hair which now needs nourishment.
- Protein Balancing Conditioner:While shampoo is important, conditioning your hair with protein balancing products is also very crucial. However, you should remember that conditioners are mostly made up of chemicals and just after bleaching you should try to avoid chemicals as much as possible.
If you are looking to bleach your hair, there are a lot of steps that you need to follow. However, if there is one thing that you can absolutely not forget, it is toning. Toning is probably one of the most important steps to complete the bleaching process. You need to tone your hair, especially if it looks too brassy or yellow. The bleach robs your hair strands off of their color and the toner will help in redepositing the color to your hair. If you feel that the color that your hair has is a bit too warm, you just need to replace your bleach with toner and follow the exact same process that you did while bleaching.
There are multiple different types of toners that you can use, depending on what exactly you are looking for. The thing that works the best if you want to retain the cooler tones in your bleached hair, is a purple shampoo. However, if you are looking for something drastic, you can also use a purple hair dye. However, this should be used sparingly and only if absolutely needed. The purple hair dye tends to leave a purple stain on your bleached hair, and unless you are looking for that particular look, this can go south really fast. There is another product that you can use, although it is not usually recommended. This is an ammonia-based toner. This is usually mixed with your developer and does tend to be extremely harsh on your hair.
The toner essentially gives your hair a natural color as opposed to an obviously bleached, pale yellow, that just looks like an amateur bleaching gone wrong. Toners let you play around with the shades of your blonde hair. You can also use toners in specific parts of your hair to get that effect. Toners however do not affect the shade of your hair and hence only work on bleached hair. If you are looking to use less toner, you should wash your hair less than you usually would.
Bleaching and After-Care
Aftercare post bleaching is an extremely important task because it plays a major role in the retaining of the process and the overall hair care. Here are a few ways you can make sure you protect your bleached hair and nourish them as much as possible with your everyday lifestyle.
Conditioning:Conditioners, no matter how much nourishment and smoothness they promise generally have concentrated amount of chemicals in order to make your hair shiny and better. But after bleaching the hair is more susceptible to damage from chemicals and you should definitely cut down the amount of chemicals in form of conditioners used because it is not actually necessary.
Organic Products:Since we have already established the chemicals are not really good for hair, especially at this point, it is wise to use natural and organic products for all kinds of hair care and nourishment. They are readily available under the banners of various brands and you should try to use them at least for about a month after bleaching your hair.
Styling Tools: Bleaching is already too much pressure on the hair. You don’t want to put in extra pressure by using styling tools like straightener and curlers which will result in further damage in your hair. You should try to avoid styling tools for at least two weeks after an aggressive bleaching session to make sure your hair stays healthy and mesmerizing.
Oiling:No matter how much we try it is time to go back to the old tradition of oiling your hair frequently, at least twice a week, because according to research oils actually strengthen hair from within and provide them with the nourishment nothing else can. It permeates through the hair shaft and provides the nutrients and moisturizing which bleached hair especially needs.
Diluting Shampoo: Shampoos promising a lot of things too come with harmful chemicals that are not exactly recommended for you after bleaching. You can either shift over to organic products or make sure to research and buy shampoos that have less chemicals. One more way of avoiding a mess is to dilute your shampoo with water with applying which will neutralize the effect of the chemicals on your recently bleached hair and will protect them.
Precautions and Common Mistakes:
No matter how much of a pro or confident person you are, you should always make sure not to make mistakes and end up in situations you could have otherwise avoided. Here are a few grossly common mistakes made by people who have given bleaching at home a try:
Read the instructions carefully:When you are trying something new, reading the instructions is a must. It is not recommended that you jump into bleaching your hair without doing proper research online as well as trying to consult someone who has experience. The least you can do is go through the user manual and read all the instructions carefully before applying the chemicals on your hair. You should be absolutely ready and prepared to do this.
Damaged or over-processed hair:If your hair is already going through a face is damaged for you are under treatment it is absolutely wrong to bleach your hair at this point. Also, you should be careful that you do not over process your hair by keeping on the bleach for longer periods than recommended. We all remember what happened to Ross’ white teeth.
Strand Test is a must:We are all allergic to certain things and we should not take a hair bleaching session as an experiment because it can be disastrous. It is always compulsory to test the bleach at least 30 hours before on a strand of your hair just to make sure there is no greater issue with the product.
Multiple bleaching sessions:It is true that we often might not get the desired shade of bleach we want but that definitely does not mean you will bleach your hair multiple times within short gaps. Consecutive bleaching sessions can result in disastrous damage of hair which might also become irreversible due to the excessive amounts of chemicals and harmful substances used to bleach the hair.
Try to group up:We like doing things ourselves but we often like it more when we do it with our friends. For a first timer, grouping up with friends, or at least one partner is better for your performance as well as your confidence so that you can help each other out. Hair bleaching is the lengthy procedure and you can definitely use some extra hands.
Keep a track of time: Timing is the most important factor when it comes to bleaching your hair alone at home. The timing definitely should be appropriate, not a minute more not a minute less. Keeping your hair for less time with bleach will result in unsuccessful attempts of bleaching and you won’t be able to get the shade you were looking for. However, keeping your hair for longer duration might be dangerous because not only can the chemicals present in the bleach ruin and damage your hair, the bleach will also make sure you will be extra blonde which you might not like or desire.
The concept of bleaching and highlighting one’s hair is quite a newer concept as compared to common coloring. However, it is widely popular among younger generations and age groups of people and is widely celebrated because of its liberating nature. However, bleaching on your own needs a lot of study, research, proper tools, guidance, and after care. We all love our hair and should commit to it to make sure we are able to make the best out of our make-over experiment. Following the rules is quite easy, as is bleaching your hair at home.